The raven is sometimes known as “the wolf-bird.” Ravens, like many other animals, scavenge at wolf kills, but there’s more to it than that.
Both wolves and ravens have the ability to form social attachments and they seem to have evolved over many years to form these attachments with each other, to both species’ benefit.
There are a couple of theories as to why wolves and ravens end up at the same carcasses. One is that because ravens can fly, they are better at finding carcasses than wolves are. But they can’t get to the food once they get there, because they can’t open up the carcass. So they’ll make a lot of noise, and then wolves will come and use their sharp teeth and strong jaws to make the food accessible not just to themselves, but also to the ravens.
Ravens have also been observed circling a sick elk or moose and calling out, possibly alerting wolves to an easy kill. The other theory is that ravens respond to the howls of wolves preparing to hunt (and, for that matter, to human hunters shooting guns). They find out where the wolves are going and following. Both theories may be correct.
Wolves and ravens also play. A raven will sneak up behind a wolf and yank its tail and the wolf will play back. Ravens sometimes respond to wolf howls with calls of their own, resulting in a concert of howls and calls.
Sources: Mind of the Raven, Bernd Heinrich, The American Crow and the Common Raven, Lawrence Kilham
Zdzisław Beksiński, Surreal Landscape (1982), oil on board, 73 x 87 cm. Via malowane-wierszem.blogspot.ca.
Monday Meta Digest: Notice of Hiatus
Hi folks, I’m going to be over 2200 miles from home for a week, so the Monday Meta Digest will resume on 31 August 2014.
Anonymous asked: "i actually like versatile dean because i actually view both dean and cas as primarily bottoms .i dont think dean would bottom for a fling or a one night stand but if he is in a loving relationship i see him primarily as a bottom in the relationship."
there is meta out there somewhere about how dean is a really sweet and gentle top and a bossy bratty bottom and i am all for that tbh
[deletes whole paragraph about how much i love dean fucking people and being super gentle and slow hengngghgngngnhh]
Labradorite crystal skull by Skullis
someone convinced my grandparents that darren wilson is black and that all conflict in ferguson ended when this “fact” came to light
Carved crocodile skull
this is it, this one did me in
Salt and Burn issue 3 submissions are due TODAY!
"Years ago I learned a very cool thing about Robin Williams, and I couldn’t watch a movie of his afterward without thinking of it. I never actually booked Robin Williams for an event, but I came close enough that his office sent over his rider. For those outside of the entertainment industry, a rider lists out an artist’s specific personal and technical needs for hosting them for an event, anything from bottled water and their green room to sound and lighting requirements. You can learn a lot about a person from their rider. This is where rocks bands list their requirement for green M&Ms (which is actually a surprisingly smart thing to do). This is also where a famous environmentalist requires a large gas-guzzling private jet to fly to the event city, but then requires an electric or hybrid car to take said environmentalist to the event venue when in view of the public.
When I got Robin Williams’ rider, I was very surprised by what I found. He actually had a requirement that for every single event or film he did, the company hiring him also had to hire a certain number of homeless people and put them to work. I never watched a Robin Williams movie the same way after that. I’m sure that on his own time and with his own money, he was working with these people in need, but he’d also decided to use his clout as an entertainer to make sure that production companies and event planners also learned the value of giving people a chance to work their way back. I wonder how many production companies continued the practice into their next non-Robin Williams project, as well as how many people got a chance at a job and the pride of earning an income, even temporarily, from his actions. He was a great multiplier of his impact. Let’s hope that impact lives on without him. Thanks, Robin Williams- not just for laughs, but also for a cool example."
yay that’s another deadline met
"Suddenly, everything has changed. The heavy riot armor, the SWAT trucks with sniper posts, the hostile glares: tonight in Ferguson they were gone. A stunning change in tone radiated through the suburban streets where protests had turned violent each of the last four evenings following the police shooting of 18-year-old Michael Brown. But Thursday night, when more than a thousand protesters descended on the remains of QuickTrip – which was burned during riots on Sunday – they had a new leader. The man at the front of the march, was Missouri Highway Patrol Capt. Ronald S. Johnson, a Ferguson native. “I’m not afraid to be in this crowd,” Johnson declared to reporters. Johnson, a towering African American man who wiped sweat from his brow as he pointed out neighborhood hangouts and restaurants he used to frequent, was put in charge of crowd control earlier in the day, replacing the St. Louis County police who had been overseeing the police response to the protests. Missouri Gov. Jay Nixon (D) announced Thursday afternoon that Johnson would take over security, and vowed that officers would take a different approach to handling the massive crowds that have taken to Ferguson’s streets each night. Not only did Johnson march with the protesters, but he vowed to not blockade the street, to set up a media staging center, and to ensure that residents’ rights to assemble and protest were not infringed upon. Officers working crowd control, he said, have been told they must take off their gas masks. “When I see a young lady cry because of fear of this uniform, that’s a problem.” Johnson said. “We’ve got to solve that.” And the difference from protests at similar times in the evening on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday was massive. By this time on Wednesday, police had detained protesters, by this point on Monday officers had begun deploying tear-gas canisters at residents who would not disperse. Johnson hugged and kissed community members as they passed, slapping backs and sharing laughs.One man stopped, telling Capt. Johnson that his niece had been tear gassed earlier this week – “What would you say to her?” Johnson reached out his hand and replied: “Tell her Capt. Johnson is sorry and he apologizes.” Johnson spent a considerable amount of time talking to media, explaining that the decision to tone down the show of force was deliberate, a calculation he said was made by St. Louis County police officials. He said he met with protest leaders and the NAACP Thursday afternoon, asking them their plans for the march and telling them they could march without fear of restriction. After fielding more than a dozen questions, Johnson began walking toward the protests – it had broken off its route and doubled back. Johnson marched down the center of the street, trailed by media, as the march’s leader’s brought hundreds of chanting and sign-waving residents. They met head on. “Just wanna know where you are going,” Johnson said. “Up to the Quick Trip and then stopping,” the man with the megaphone responded. “OK! Go ahead,” Johnson said, smiling and stepping aside as hundreds of residents streamed past him. Protesters said they were still angry, demanding justice for Brown and answers from local police about why he was shot and who the offending officer was. But, they said, Johnson’s willingness to physically interact with them, rid the streets of heavy police equipment, and help them coordinate protests was a welcome change in tone. “Thank you so much for being here,” said Karen Wood, who fought back tears as she held both of Johnson’s hands imploring him to bring answers to residents and maintain calm in the streets. “This is about human rights, about human beings,” she cried. “It takes cooperation…our youth are out here without guidance, without leadership.” Moments later, as he rallied the crowd and demanded justice and information about the shooting, the man with the megaphone declared: “They respect us,” referring to police. “ So let’s respect them. They’ve given us the sidewalk so lets stay out of their street.”"